List of Terms
Words you may have heard, explained simply and clearly.
Refers to a tube or collapsible material within a urine collection device to help prevent urine from re-entering the tubing.
Found on some Hollister male external catheters, a plastic guide with notches for the thumb and forefinger to assist proper placement against the tip of the penis.
Aseptic intermittent catheterization
The process of performing intermittent catheterization using sterile equipment and inserting the catheter in a sterile way. This would include a sterile ready-to-use product that can be inserted with gloves using a no-touch technique (e.g., the Advance Plus intermittent catheter or a VaPro hydrophilic catheter ).
Benzalkonium chloride (BZK)
An antimicrobial solution used for cleansing the urethral opening prior to inserting an intermittent catheter. Does not stain skin or clothing.
A collapsible balloon-like muscular organ that lies in the pelvis and functions to store and expel urine.
A procedure in which a catheter is passed through the urethra or stoma into the bladder, usually for the purpose of draining urine.
The ability to control urination.
A printed or electronic form to keep track of when one urinates or leaks urine.
A special type of hollow tube inserted through the urethra or a stoma to the bladder to withdraw urine or instil medication.
The process of inserting a tube into the bladder to drain urine.
Clean intermittent catheterization
The process of emptying the bladder using a clean intermittent catheter. It involves inserting and removing a catheter, typically several times a day.
Refers to a no-touch catheter located within, or attached to, a urine collection bag. Some catheters are manipulated through the bag and guided through a protective tip as it is inserted into the urethra without being directly touched.
Closed system kit
Comprised of a closed system (catheter located within, or attached to, the urine collection bag) and sometimes other supplies.
On Hollister Incorporated straight intermittent catheters, the funnel ends are colour- and size-coordinated so catheters may be consistently ordered by size or funnel colour.
A device that secures the extension tubing to the catheter or urinary pouch system.
The ability to control the timing and process of urination and/or bowel movements.
A slight bend manufactured in the tip of the catheter that makes insertion past the prostate easier for some men. Some products include a notch at the funnel end, or a guide stripe on the catheter, as a guide for alignment during insertion.
External condom catheter
Device that is secured externally with various adhesives to the penis shaft for the purpose of urine collection. The device must be connected with tubing to a urine collection bag.
External sphincter muscle
A round voluntary muscle surrounding the urethra that opens and closes to hold urine in or let it drain.
Tubing that provides the connection between an external or indwelling catheter and a urine collection bag or leg bag. May also serve as a connection between an ostomy pouch or wound drainage collector. Typically made of latex or vinyl.
An oval-shaped hole in the insertion end of the catheter to facilitate drainage of urine from the bladder. Eyelets are usually two in number and may be across from each other or offset.
Female urinary pouch (FUP)
A cut-to-fit, one-piece vinyl pouch with a flexible synthetic barrier that is attached externally to the female urethral/vulva or perineum area. The pouch is usually connected to a bedside collection bag. An FUP is used for bed-bound female patients.
Refers to lesser pliability of a urethral catheter.
Refers to greater pliability of a urethral catheter.
A skin barrier from Hollister Incorporated with special additives, which achieve a stronger adhesive seal and are more resistant to breakdown from fluids. Skin-prepping agents are not recommended under Flextend skin barriers.
A catheter that is inserted into the bladder through the urethra for continuous emptying of the bladder and is connected by tubing to a drainage bag.
Abbreviated Fr, the measuring gauge for the outer diameter of a straight or indwelling catheter. 1 French = 1/3 mm
Coloured, non-insertion end of the intermittent catheter, which allows for ease of fluid control. Many manufacturers include color on the funnel to correspond to the specific French size of the catheter.
A small, blue-coloured, lubricant-filled flexible device unique to Hollister Incorporated, which is built into the Advance and Advance Plus catheters. The catheter is lubricated as it passes through the blue gel reservoir on its way to the urethra.
A comprehensive look at a person's medical history, including information such as existing diseases, previous health problems, injuries, medications, and surgical procedures.
A catheter designed to be lubricated when in contact with sterile water or saline, which eases friction on the urethra upon insertion.
Loss of control of bowel and/or bladder function.
A flexible tube that remains in the bladder continuously to drain urine. May be referred to as a Foley catheter.
A condition resulting from the presence of bacteria.
A thin, latex extra membrane inside Hollister Incorporated extended wear latex male external catheters. The inner flap helps prevent urine undermining of the catheter adhesive.
A coloured line or a ridge that extends the length of the catheter, especially the coudé catheter, and serves as an alignment guide during insertion. On Hollister Incorporated products, a funnel notch provides this guide.
A flexible tube that is used for emptying the bladder on a regular schedule. The tube is inserted and removed at regular time intervals and is not indwelling. Used for self-catheterization.
Internal sphincter muscle
An involuntary muscle located at the bladder opening to the urethra.
Two bean-shaped organs that lie internally on either side of the spinal cord and whose purpose is to filter waste from the blood and to produce urine.
A urinary tract infection that also involves the kidneys. Also called pyelonephritis.
A material made from natural rubber, which may cause allergic reactions. Red rubber catheters and some male external catheters contain latex.
A flat plastic bag that attaches to the leg to collect urine from an indwelling catheter.
Leg bag straps
Fabric straps that hold a leg bag in place.
A water-soluble jelly applied to a catheter to allow for easier insertion.
Male external urinary pouch (MUP)
A cut-to-fit, one-piece pouch with an adhesive backing. An MUP is usually attached to a bedside collection bag and is used by men with limited mobility.
The opening of the urethra in both men and women.
An atonic or unstable bladder associated with a neurological condition, such as diabetes, stroke, or spinal cord injury.
The act of getting up during the night to urinate.
Not made from natural rubber; usually vinyl or silicon for catheters or plastic for collection bags. Minimizes risk of allergic reaction to latex.
An oval-shaped catheter tip that makes it easier for a female user to find the urethral opening when catheterizing.
A condition in which the bladder is squeezing down too frequently, causing a frequent urge to pass urine; may contribute to incontinence.
The involuntary loss of urine occurring when the bladder is overfilled (overdistension of the bladder).
Pelvic floor muscles
Several small muscle groups that surround the urethra and rectum. They support the organs of the pelvis and help to maintain continence.
Refers to a catheter that is lubricated through means of activating a hydrophilic catheter or by passing through a gel reservoir, or a lubricated catheter in a closed system, or a catheter in packaging that contains a lubricant packet, which is ruptured to lubricate the catheter prior to opening the package.
A small organ in males located below the neck of the bladder encircling the urethra.
A specially designed system on some intermittent catheters, which is inserted into the urethra to help reduce the introduction of bacteria into the urinary system by bypassing the first 15 mm of the distal urethra.
Povidone iodine solution, used as an antimicrobial disinfectant, applied to the urethral opening prior to catheter insertion. May stain clothing.
The involuntary loss of urine due to detrusor hyperreflexia and/or involuntary urethra relaxation without warning or sensory awareness. This condition may be seen in the presence of neurogenic bladder disorders.
The backward flow of urine from the bladder back through ureters and sometimes into the kidneys.
Cap on the protective tip of some of Hollister Incorporated intermittent catheters, which protects the catheter tip. The ring assists with cap removal, especially for those with limited dexterity.
The means of emptying the bladder independently with an intermittent catheter.
Used for male external catheters, these semicircular cutouts help determine the diameter of the penis in order to guide catheter selection for correct fit.
A gentle, flexible catheter with limited firmness.
A flexible skin barrier from Hollister Incorporated, which conforms to round and some irregular surfaces. Gentle enough to be removed in 24 hours or less.
Refers to the tapered, rounded insertion end of a catheter.
The involuntary loss of urine associated with physical stress, such as coughing, sneezing, climbing, or lifting.
A catheter that is inserted through the skin above the pubic bone and into the bladder for continuous drainage of urine.
A scan that can be used to identify the shape and position of the bladder and other abdominal organs.
A bladder with an overly large capacity that overfills. Loss of sensation due to this filling action results in a bladder that does not contract forcefully enough, and small amounts of urine dribble from the urethra.
Two hollow tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
The natural tube through which urine exits the bladder.
The involuntary loss of urine associated with a strong desire to void (urgency).
An examination of the contents of urine to determine the presence of infection, to diagnose metabolic disease (e.g., diabetes), and to obtain information about kidney function.
The involuntary loss of urine that is objectively demonstrable as a social or hygienic problem.
Urinary tract infection (UTI)
An illness caused by the invasion of bacteria in the tissues of the urinary tract.
Liquid waste filtered from the blood by the kidneys.
Crystals of salts and minerals may form in alkaline urine. Alkaline urine may also allow bacteria to grow in the bladder, which may result in a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Measurement of the functional sequences within the lower or upper urinary tract.
Vacuum relief valve
A feature on Hollister Incorporated leg bag tubing, which helps prevent collapse of the tubing.
Vented leg bag
A special vacuum-relief mechanism featured on Hollister Incorporated oval kink-resistant tubing and the companion pouch, which also features an air vent. These combined features help to minimize a vacuum in the leg bag, as well as in the tubing. A vacuum is created as the urine cools outside the body. The vacuum may stall urine drainage through the tubing and/or prevent the leg bag from emptying completely.