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Variety is the spice of life, and the key to good health after ostomy surgery. Explore how to make all five food groups part of your daily diet with this helpful guide.
The USDA says five food groups are the “building blocks for a healthy diet.” If you’ve had ostomy surgery, a varied and nutritious diet can help you get and stay healthy. Explore this practical guide to help you through your recovery journey, and beyond.
Any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley or any other cereal grain is a grain product. This includes bread, breakfast cereal, and pasta. Grains are divided into two categories: whole and refined.
Good to know: If you’re on a gluten-free diet, you can still eat grains if you choose carefully. Many whole-grain products can fit your gluten-free diet, such as buckwheat, certified gluten-free oats or oatmeal, popcorn, brown rice, wild rice, and quinoa.
Recommendations: A typical adult should eat three servings of grains per day. One serving equals a slice of bread, one half-cup of cooked cereal, a half-cup of rice or pasta, or a cup of cold cereal.
Vegetables and fruits
Any fruit, vegetable, or 100 percent fruit or vegetable juice is included in this group. Some things to keep in mind:
Good to know: Overall, fresh whole fruits and vegetables are better choices than juices that may contains sugars. However, if you’ve had an ileostomy, fibrous vegetables and certain fruits with skin may contribute to food blockage.
Recommendations: For vegetables, one serving equals about one cup. Depending on your age, weight and gender, guidelines call for one to three cups of vegetables a day. A serving of fruit equals one cup, and three or four servings per day are recommended.
Oils come from many different plants and fish. Examples include canola, corn, cottonseed, olive, soybean, and sunflower oils. The Oils food group includes both solid fats and oils. Some additional facts:
Good to know: Moderation is a key to healthy eating, and it’s especially important with oils.
Recommendations: Fats should be kept to a minimum. Daily servings of fats and oils often come from cooking, such as pan frying. A constant diet of deep fried food is unhealthy, but, it’s OK to indulge every now and then.
A primary benefit of dairy products is calcium. All fluid milk products (and many foods made from milk) that retain their calcium are considered part of this group. Some facts to keep in mind:
Good to know: Other milk products, such as cream cheese, cream, and butter, do not retain the calcium. So, they are not considered part of the Dairy food group.
Recommendations: Three servings a day will help keep your bones healthy and give you essential nutrients. One serving equals a cup of milk, a small container of yogurt, or two ounces of process cheeses. With this many options, it is easy to get your daily intake.
Meat, Fish, Nuts and Beans
All meat, poultry, fish, dried beans or peas, eggs, nuts, and seeds are considered part of this group. Some things to keep in mind:
Good to know: If you have an ileostomy, be cautious with nuts, popcorn, and similar foods. Eating these can cause a blockage. Even just one nut can cause a small blockage. Be cautious when including these in your diet. If you love eating nuts, chew them very well before swallowing. Better options are peanut butter, or cashew and hazelnut spreads.
Recommendations: Eat five or six servings of meat, fish, nuts, and beans a day. A serving is about one egg, one tablespoon of peanut butter, a small handful of nuts or seeds, or one ounce of meat.
Want more guidance? Canada’s Food Guide offers ideas and tips to help you eat healthy, meet unique needs, and improve your wellbeing.
View or print the full PDF booklet: Living with an Ostomy: Healthy Eating
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